Variable Outcomes

The following is a list of variable outcomes 

  • Pain characteristics (duration, frequency, intensity, etc) and impact on various aspects of daily living including sleep
  • Specific pain diagnosis established by pain clinicians
  • Psychological well-being (depression, suicide ideation) and pain catastrophizing tendency 
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Medical history + consumption habits (cigarettes, alcohol, drug)
  • Past and current pain treatment (pharmacological and non-pharmacological)
  • Patient expectations re: pain treatment
  • Patient global impression of change re: pain, functioning and quality of life, and treatment satisfaction 
  • Socio-demographics